Render Instruction Set 🆕

The Render Instruction Set is a set of instructions that can be used to instruct the browser on specific actions to execute during page rendering. By combining these instructions, you can execute complex operations such as completing a search form or scrolling through an endlessly scrolling page. This capability enables efficient automation of dynamic web content interactions.

How to use

To send an instruction set to the browser, you send a JSON object to the API as a header, along with any other necessary parameters, including the "render=true" parameter.

In the following example, we enter a search term into a form, click the search icon, and then wait for the search results to load.

[
  {
    "type": "input",
    "selector": { "type": "css", "value": "#searchInput" },
    "value": "cowboy boots"
  },
  {
    "type": "click",
    "selector": {
      "type": "css",
      "value": "#search-form button[type=\"submit\"]"
    }
  },
  {
    "type": "wait_for_selector",
    "selector": { "type": "css", "value": "#content" }
  }
]

To send the above instruction set to our API endpoint, it must be formatted as a single string and passed as a header.

Please note that the "x-sapi-" prefix should be used on each header to prevent collisions with headers used by target sites.

  • API REQUEST

require 'net/http'
require 'json'

# Define parameters including the target URL
params = {
  url: "https://httpbin.org/ip"  # Specify the URL you want to scrape
}

# Set the API endpoint URI (HTTPS)
uri = URI('https://api.scraperapi.com/')
uri.query = URI.encode_www_form(params)  # Encode parameters into the query string

# Create a new GET request
req = Net::HTTP::Get.new(uri)

# Set Scraper API headers
req['x-sapi-render'] = 'true'  # Enable rendering
req['x-sapi-api_key'] = '<YOUR_API_KEY>'  # Replace with your actual Scraper API key
req['x-sapi-instruction_set' = '[{"type": "input", "selector": {"type": "css", "value": "#searchInput"}, "value": "cowboy boots"}, {"type": "click", "selector": {"type": "css", "value": "#search-form button[type=\\\"submit\\\"]"}}, {"type": "wait_for_selector", "selector": {"type": "css", "value": "#content"}}]'

# Create an HTTPS connection
http = Net::HTTP.new(uri.hostname, uri.port)
http.use_ssl = true  # Enable SSL/TLS encryption
http.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_PEER  # Verify the server's certificate

# Perform the HTTPS request and store the response
website_content = http.request(req)

# Output the response body (the scraped content)
puts website_content.body
  • PROXY MODE

require 'httparty'

# Define headers with the required parameters
headers = {
  "x-sapi-render" => "true",
  "x-sapi-instruction_set" => '[{"type": "input", "selector": {"type": "css", "value": "#searchInput"}, "value": "cowboy boots"}, {"type": "click", "selector": {"type": "css", "value": "#search-form button[type=\\\"submit\\\"]"}}, {"type": "wait_for_selector", "selector": {"type": "css", "value": "#content"}}]'
}

# Set default options for HTTParty, disabling SSL verification
HTTParty::Basement.default_options.update(verify: false)

# Make the HTTP request with HTTParty
response = HTTParty.get('http://httpbin.org/ip', {
  http_proxyaddr: "proxy-server.scraperapi.com",
  http_proxyport: "8001",
  http_proxyuser: "scraperapi",
  http_proxypass: "<YOUR_API_KEY>",
  headers: headers
})

# Capture the response body
results = response.body

# Output the response body
puts results

Supported Instructions

Browser instructions are organized as an array of objects within the instruction set, each with a specific structure. Below are the various instructions and the corresponding data they require:

Click

Input

Loop

Scroll

Wait

Wait_for_event

Wait_for_selector

Click

Click on an element on the page.

Args

type: str = “click” selector: dict type: Enum[”xpath”, “css”, “text”] value: str timeout: int (optional)

Example

{

“type”: “click”, “selector”: { “type”: “css”, “value”: “#search-form button[type="submit\”]” } }

Input

Enter a value into an input field on the page.

Args

type: str = “input” selector: dict type: Enum[”xpath”, “css”, “text”] value: str value: str timeout: int (optional)

Example

{

“type”: “input”, “selector”: { “type”: “css”, “value”: “#searchInput” }, “value”: “cowboy boots” }

Loop

Execute a set of instructions in a loop a specified number of times by using the loop instruction with a sequence of standard instructions in the “instructions” argument.

Note that nesting loops isn't supported, so you can't create a “loop” instruction inside another “loop” instruction. This method is effective for automating actions on web pages with infinitely scrolling content, such as loading multiple pages of results by scrolling to the bottom of the page and waiting for additional content to load.

Args

type: str=”loop” for: int instructions: array

Example

{

“type”: “loop”, “for”: “3”, “instructions”: [ { “type”: “scroll”, “direction”: “y”, “value”: “bottom” }, { “type”: “wait”, “value”: 5 } ] }

Scroll

Scroll the page in the X or Y direction, by a given number of pixels or to the top or bottom of the page.

Args

type: str = “scroll” direction: Enum[”x”, “y”] value: int or Enum[”bottom”, “top”]

Example

{ “type”: “scroll”, “direction”: “y”, “value”: “bottom” }

Wait

Waits for a given number of seconds to elapse.

Description

Args

type: str = “wait” value: int

Example

{ “type”: “wait”, “value”: 10 }

Wait_for_event

Waits for an event to occur within the browser.

Args

type: str = “wait_for_event” event: Enum[”domcontentloaded”, “load”, “navigation”, “networkidle”] timeout: int (optional)

Example

{ “type”: “wait_for_event”, “event”: “networkidle”, “timeout”: 10 }

Wait_for_selector

Waits for an element to appear on the page. Takes a 'value' argument that instructs the rendering engine to wait for a specified number of seconds for the element to appear.

Args

type: str = “wait_for_selector” selector: dict type: Enum[”xpath”, “css”, “text”] value: str timeout: int (optional)

Example

{ “type”: “wait_for_element”, “selector”: { “type”: “css”, “value”: “#content”

}, “timeout”: 5 }

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